Noorani Qaida plays a critical role in learning Quran with Tajweed, especially, for non-Arabs whose mother tongue is not Arabic. It endeavors to develop a solid foundation for pronunciation and correct accent for Quran reading with applying Tajweed rules.
In order to better understand how learning the Noorani Qaida facilitates the study of Tajweed, we should get to know the definition of Tajweed and Noorani Qaida.
What is Tajweed?
Tajweed Quran is a set of rules for the correct pronunciation of the letters with all their qualities and applying the different recitations. Reciting the Quran with Tajweed means giving every letter of the Quran its rights and dues of attributes and observing the guidelines that apply to those letters in different situations. We give letters their dues by observing the characteristics of each letter that are present in them a few of the time and not present at other times.
Expressing each letter from the point of expression and offering those rights and tasks in its features. The rights of letters are the needed attributes that never leave it. Duties of letters are their attributes which are in some cases present in it and are not present in other cases.
The one who established the Tajweed science from the practical point of view is the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) because the Quran was revealed to him with tajweed by Allah Almighty. And the Angel Jibril (Peace Be Upon Him) instructed him, and he taught it to his fellows, who then showed it to his followers, and so on until he pertained to us through these chains.
What is Noorani Qaida?
“Noorani Qaida” or “Qaida” is really a unique book made with non-Arabic speaking Muslims in mind as the primary step to learn Arabic language or learn Quran reading correctly through Quranic verses. Not to mention that it’s the perfect method to learn the basics of Tajweed for newbies.
The “Noorani Qaida” book was assembled by Sheikh Noor Muhammed Haqqani from India, and was called after him “Al-Qaidah An-Noraniah”. And now, it is taught worldwide. It helps non-Arabic speaking Muslims to learn Quran recitation even if they have no anticipation of the Arabic language.
The book of Noorani Qaida includes 17 chapters teaching the Arabic alphabet, Arabic words, then reading complete verses from the Quran, in addition to learning the fundamental Tajweed rules.
Free Download Noorani Qaida
The Quran Classes Online Institute offers the opportunity to all Muslims in the world to start learning Noorani Qaida for FREE by downloading the Qaida eBook from our website. We offer 3 different versions of Noorani Qaida as follows:
Importance of Noorani Qaida in Learning Tajweed Quran
The Quran is the words of Allah (SWT) revealed in the Arabic language. Individuals who strive to learn Quran online are the best individuals on the earth since they are aiming to understand the most important source of knowledge in the entire universe. In this regards, the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
The best among you (Muslims) are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it.Hadith [Sahih al-Bukhari 5027]
Given that the Quran is the speech of Allah (SWT), it is incredibly essential to pronounce the Arabic words of the Quran precisely, properly, and beautifully, so that their meaning is not distorted, nor any disrespect caused to the Allah Almighty, due to mispronunciation.
Accordingly, Tajweed is obligatory while learning how to recite Quran. With the rules of Tajweed, you can learn and read Quran in a better way.
It is advised that students who wish to learn Quran begin their lessons with the Noorani Qaida which is one of the best sources of learning Tajweed.
The Noorani Qaida assists in learning the proper pronunciation of Arabic words, their correct articulation, appropriate inflection, appropriate accent, focus on letters and words at the correct time and place, in addition to recitation at the correct speed.
Tajweed Rules That You Can Learn Through Noorani Qaida
There are 9 fundamental Tajweed rules you can learn by studying Noorani Qaida:
1. Manners of the Heart
The 1st part of tajweed rules concerns the outlook of the person reading the Quran, also called “Manners of the Heart”. This includes:
- Knowing and believing that the Quran is not the word of man, but the speech of Allah.
- The student must clear his/her mind of all other thoughts before beginning to learn Quran with tajweed.
- The reader must fully understand the meaning and significance of the words and Ayahs (sentences) of the Quran being recited by him, or her.
- The reader must be a person of humble nature since the beauty and depth of meaning of Allah’s speech are only revealed to the humble soul.
- One should feel that every message in the Quran is meant personally for the person reading those messages of the Quran.
- One should understand the proper pronunciation of the Arabic alphabet.
2. External Manners
The 2nd set Tajweed Quran rules that you can learn through Noorani Qaida concern “External Manners”, such as:
- Purity of one’s body, clothes, and the place where one is reciting the Quran.
- One should preferably face the Qiblah (the Kaaba in Makkah) while reciting Quran.
- One should pause after reading an Ayah which carries a warning by seeking Allah’s protection.
- One should also pause after reciting an Ayah which mentions Allah’s mercy. This could be done by praising Allah for all the favors that He has bestowed on us, as well as to beseech Him to always have mercy on us.
- The student should be careful to only use pure classical Arabic dialect and pronunciation, called ‘Fusha’ without mixing any foreign accent or dialectic with it.
3. Makharij Al-Huroof
The 3rd part of the rules of Tajweed concerns Makharij-ul-Huroof or ‘the emission points of the letters’. These emission points of letters are the various regions and places in the mouth, of the lips, and in the throat, from where the sounds of the different letters of classical ‘Fusha’ Arabic are emitted.
4. Sifaat Al-Huroof
The 4th part of the rules of tajweed concerns the characteristics of the letters. These are called Sifaat-ul-Huruf, These refer to the different attributes of the letters or the ‘manner of articulation’ of the letters.
5. Noon (The Noon Sakinah and Tanween)
The 5th set of rules of Tajweed that you can learn through Noorani Qaida concerns the letters Noon and the related Tanween. The Noon Sakinah and Tanween (vowels that produces a “nnn” sound immediately after it) can be pronounced in four different ways.
6. Meem (The Meem Sakinah)
The 6th set of tajweed rules while reading Quran concern the letter Meem. The Meem Sakinah can be pronounced in three different ways.
The 7th rule of recitation with tajweed concerns prolongation [Muddud]. These rules refer to the number of beats that are pronounced when a vowel letter is followed by a Mudd letter.
8. Laam (Qamariyya and Shamsiyya)
The 8th set of rules of reading Quran with tajweed concerns the letter Laam. The Arabic word for “the” is ‘al’ (the letters Alif and Laam). The Laam in ‘al’ is pronounced if the letter following the al is “Qamariyya” (lunar), but silent if the letter following the al is “Shamsiyya” (solar). Qamariyya and Shamsiyya refer to the shape of the Arabic letters.
9. Thickness and Thinness (Tafkhim and Tarqeeq)
The 9th and final set of Tajweed rules that you can learn through Noorani Qaida concern the thickness and thinness of pronunciation of the Arabic letters. Some of the Arabic letters are always pronounced thick with a heavy accent (Tafkhim), while some letters are pronounced thin with a light accent (Tarqeeq).